Sustainable Development Goals - 17 Goals to Transform our World

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

Indicator 9.5.2: Researchers (in full-time equivalent) per million inhabitants

There are multiple measures of researchers per million inhabitants in the UK. One is provided on a full-time equivalency basis by the World Bank and follows the UN specification for this indicator. This is displayed here as the headline data.

Another measure is calculated using the Labour Force Survey by the Office for National Statistics using a headcount of both full-time and part-time workers. The headcount figures are valuable, despite not following the UN specification, as they allow us to disaggregate by some of the Leave No-one Behind characteristics, for example, migratory and disability status.

You can switch between the two options below by using Units toggle on the left hand side. Please note, disaggregations are only available when the headcount option is selected.

Select the following link to download this indicator data in an accessible format:
9.5.2 Researchers (in full-time equivalent) per million inhabitants (CSV 14.371 kB)

Researchers per 1,000,000 population

Sub-categories

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This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.

Indicator available

Full-time equivalent, and full-time and part-time researchers per 1,000,000 population

Indicator description
Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Unit of measurement

Number per 1,000,000

Definitions
Available disaggregations
Calculations
Other information

Full-time equivalent (FTE) figures come from the World Bank database. Headcount values are calculated from the Office for National Statistics’ Labour Force Survey. Data follows the UN specification for this indicator. This indicator has been identified in collaboration with topic experts.

Data last updated 2019-06-04: see changes on GitHub opens in a new window
Metadata last updated 2019-08-06: see changes on GitHub opens in a new window

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name

9.5.2 Researchers (in full-time equivalent) per million inhabitants

Target name

9.5 Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending

Global indicator description
UN designated tier

Tier I

UN custodian agency

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals Metadata (PDF 382 KB) opens in a new window

Source 1

Organisation

Office for National Statistics

Periodicity

N/A

Earliest available data

2012

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Link to data source Number of researchers in the UK - 2012 to 2017 opens in a new window
Release date

04/04/2019

Next release

N/A

Statistical classification

Official Statistic

Contact details

SustainableDevelopment@ons.gov.uk

Other information

Figures are a headcount of all full-time and part time employees whose self-reported main job is in research. Full list of jobs available from the source.

Source 2

Organisation

World Bank

Periodicity

Annual

Earliest available data

1996

Geographical coverage

UK

Link to data source Researchers in R&D (per million people) opens in a new window
Release date

NA

Next release

NA

Statistical classification

Non official

Contact details
Other information