Sustainable Development Goals - 17 Goals to Transform our World

Some of the data in this indicator are seasonally adjusted data. The purpose of seasonal adjustment is to remove systematic calendar-related variation associated with the time of the year, that is, seasonal effects. This allows comparisons between consecutive time periods. Not all data is seasonally adjusted - disability, country of birth and nationality figures are not, and non-seasonally adjusted headline figures of unemployed people aged 16 and over are included as well.

Select the following link to download this indicator data in an accessible format:
8.5.2 Unemployment rate, by sex, age and persons with disabilities (CSV 548.921 kB)

Unemployment rate (%)

Sub-categories

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This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.

Indicator available

Unemployment rate by sex, age and disability status

Indicator description

The unemployment rate is a useful measure of the underutilization of the labour supply. It reflects the inability of an economy to generate employment for those persons who want to work but are not doing so, even though they are available for employment and actively seeking work. It is thus seen as an indicator of the efficiency and effectiveness of an economy to absorb its labour force and of the performance of the labour market. Short-term time series of the unemployment rate can be used to signal changes in the business cycle; upward movements in the indicator often coincide with recessionary periods or in some cases with the beginning of an expansionary period as persons previously not in the labour market begin to test conditions through an active job search.

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Unit of measurement

Percentage (%)

Definitions

Unemployment measures people of age 16 and over without a job who have been actively seeking work within the last four weeks and are available to start work within the next two weeks. The unemployment rate is the proportion of all employed and unemployed people (not the proportion of the total population) who are unemployed.

Available disaggregations
Calculations

(Unemployed persons / Persons in labour force) * 100

Other information

The figures for unemployment and economically active individuals are measured for the ages 16 and above. Data follows the UN specification for this indicator. This indicator has been identified in collaboration with topic experts.

Data last updated 2019-08-02: see changes on GitHub opens in a new window
Metadata last updated 2019-08-02: see changes on GitHub opens in a new window

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name

8.5.2 Unemployment rate, by sex, age and persons with disabilities

Target name

8.5 By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value

Global indicator description
UN designated tier

Tier I

UN custodian agency

International Labour Organization (ILO)

Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals Metadata (PDF 383 KB) opens in a new window

Source 1

Organisation

Office for National Statistics (ONS)

Periodicity

Quarterly

Earliest available data

1984

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Link to data source Labour market statistics time series opens in a new window
Release date

13/05/2019

Next release

11/06/2019

Statistical classification

National Statistic

Contact details

labour.market@ons.gov.uk

Other information

Source 2

Organisation

Office for National Statistics (ONS)

Periodicity

Quarterly

Earliest available data

2013

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Link to data source Labour market status of disabled people opens in a new window
Release date

13/11/2018

Next release

19/02/2019

Statistical classification

National Statistic

Contact details

labour.market@ons.gov.uk

Other information

Special note - the estimates in this table from 2013 onwards are not directly comparable with those from earlier years. This is because there was a change in the reporting behaviour of survey respondents at the start of 2013 related to a change in the wording of the survey questionnaire.

Source 3

Organisation

Office for National Statistics (ONS)

Periodicity

Quarterly

Earliest available data

1997

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Link to data source Employment, unemployment and economic inactivity by nationality and country of birth opens in a new window
Release date

13/11/2018

Next release

19/02/2019

Statistical classification

Official Statistic

Contact details

labour.market@ons.gov.uk

Other information